J. P. Naik (1907 – 1981)
Padma Bhushan J. P. Naik, placed by UNESCO in the honour-roll of World Educators, was a rebel, reformer, scholar, unconventional administrator and passionate advocate of education as an instrument of social justice and development. Having deeply felt poverty as a rural child, he strived for the education of the poor all his life. Working in government positions on a nominal salary of one rupee per month, he maintained an extremely simple lifestyle. He wrote hundreds of well-researched articles, scores of books, numerous reports of commissions and committees. He was the chief architect of the comprehensive report of the Indian Education Commission [1964-66]. He worked as Adviser to the Education Ministry of the Government of India; Member- Secretary of the Indian Council for Social Science Research; creator of UNESCO’s Karachi Plan and Addis Ababa Plans of universal primary education; and so on. His major concern was a socially just education system for India, along with health for all. He was the author of the report ‘Health for All by the year 2000’. He was passionately dedicated to the Institute’s motto ‘Education, Equality and Development’. J.P.Naik was known as Institutional builder and was the founder member of Rural Institute, Mauni Vidhyapeet, Gargoti and the Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR), New Delhi. He received the Padma Bhushan award in the year 1974. He authored several books and some of the well known books written by him are; –
-The Education Commission and After.
-Equality, Quality and Quantity: The elusive triangle in Indian education
-Health for All
-Some perspectives on non-formal education
-Policy and performance in Indian education
-A students’ history of education in India (co-authored by J.P. Nurullah)
-Elementary education in India: A promise to keep
Chitra Naik (1981-2010)
Padmashri Dr. Chitra Naik, a renowned educationist, Fulbright and UN fellow, has made tremendous contribution in the field of education, with special focus on non-formal education, development of rural women and mobilizing Panchayats for Rural Development. She contributed her rich experiences in education and social development through the following National and State statutory bodies such as Member- Planning Commission, Govt. of India; Member – State Planning Board, Govt. of Maharashtra; Member – National Literacy Mission; Director – Higher Education, Maharashtra; Chairman – Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Education; Chairperson, Board of Trustees, Indian Institute of Education. She has also been consultant, UNICEF on non-formal education, Afghanistan; UNESCO’s Jacques Delors Commission on Education and she also chaired several UNESCO (PROAP) meetings in Bangkok and also addressed world conference on comparative education in Paris along with Ivan iIIich and other internationally renowned educationists on “Education for Interdependence and Independence”. Chitra Naik authored several books for children and adult learners of which 4 were published by the National Book Trust in 14 languages and also was editor for two journals; Shikshan ani Samaj (Marathi) and Education and Social change (English). In recognition to her contribution, she received several awards and some of the noteworthy are:
-Jamnalal Bajaj Award for outstanding contribution to the uplift and welfare of women and children – 2002.
-First Jan Amos Comenius International Award by UNCESO, Paris for outstanding contribution to Educational Research and Development – 1993.
-Raja Roy Singh Award for outstanding contribution to ‘Education for All’ in the Asia-Pacific Region – 1992.
-Padmashri by the Government of India – 1986.
-Tagore Literacy Award – 1992. -Pranawanand Award for Educational Research, by University Grants Commission